Levels Of Biodiversity Ppt

National level 2. Biodiversity, also known as biological diversity, is the variety of life on Earth across all of the different levels of biological organization. Explore biodiversity stories. Additionally, there are three levels of biodiversity; species diversity, ecosystem diversity, and genetic diversity. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a rich biodiversity including endemic flora and fauna, that is also threatened with destruction. The portal enables widespread participation by all citizens in contributing to and accessing information on Indian biodiversity. Presentation Summary : Biodiversity McNeely (1988) defined “Biodiversity is a comprehensive word for the degree of nature’s variety, including both the number and frequency of. Nature can provide more than 30 percent of the solution to climate change by holding global warming below 2 degrees Celsius — and biodiversity is an essential part of the picture. Biodiversity, also called biological diversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. For example: * * Habitat X has 5 species of ants - Therefore, t. 4: Genetic information, variation and relationships between organisms. Level of biodiversity for csir net in hindi - Duration: 19:49. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Temperature increase, change in rainfall patterns, drought, sea level rise, coastal flooding, damage from cyclones, and change in salinity can affect habitat suitability. The diversity of life on earth has long been thought to deserve attention, and respect. Across the range of biodiversity measures, current rates of loss exceed those of the historical past by several orders of magnitude and show no indication of slowing. It is an essential renewable resource. The Invertebrates Pisidum, the world's tiniest shell, can be found under Philippine waters. Duration: 1 hour. It covers the whole of Topic 3 which is Classification and Biodiversity. "Under Florida law, e-mail addresses are public records. Ecological/Ecosystem diversity. Climate Weather is a description of the day-to-day changes in temperature, precipitation, cloud cover, wind speed and direction, and other atmospheric phenomena. Define and give examples of endangered and threatened species. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. Video and PowerPoint to help you recap the theory. Ex situ conservation is the technique of conservation of. Therefore, it is important to educate people on living in equilibrium with the environment. The term biodiversity (from "biological diversity") refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. Target Grade Levels: K–4: 5–8: 9–12: Life Has a History introduces students to the history of life and how it results in today’s biodiversity. Wilson in 1986. Wilson in 1985. Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on earth. Biodiversity Notes Short for Biological Diversity What does this mean? Species diversity number of species in a given area. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a rich biodiversity including endemic flora and fauna, that is also threatened with destruction. Assessing areas of high biodiversity plays a vital role in determining key areas for conservation and establishing conservation priorities. It plays an integral role in supporting many sectors of development. BIOFIN Overview & Objectives. The presentations and discussions were presented under three themes. U6 Biodiversity – Endangered species On Thursday you will all present about your chosen endangered species. Key Organisms in an Ecosystem High Levels of Biodiversity = Stability Keystone Species What Are Keystone Species?. 5 billion years of evolution 2. Species diversity. Most changes occur slowly enough to allow species to adapt—either through emphasis of different traits or movement to a new, more hospitable environment. View Biodiversity At Global National And Local Levels PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Many are downloadable. It includes all living things, including plants, animals and micro-organisms, and their unique characteristics. Hi! That’s a very interesting question. BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity is the result of 3. Biodiversity is one of the nine eco-schools themes. * Alpha diversity is the number of species found in a particular area or ecosystem. It's numbers of species as well as categories of organisms. Biodiversity can be subdivided into three levels as follows: 1. The presentations and discussions were presented under three themes. Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as changes in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, decrease in Arctic sea ice extent and a rise in sea level. Therefore, it is important to educate people on living in equilibrium with the environment. 3 Levels of Biodiversity Species diversity Species diversity is the effective number of different species that are represented in a collection of individuals (a dataset). Climate Weather is a description of the day-to-day changes in temperature, precipitation, cloud cover, wind speed and direction, and other atmospheric phenomena. While ZetaHunter can use any given database, we included a curated classification of publicly available. Biodiversity includes not only species we consider rare, threatened, or. Palm Oil and Biodiversity Impacts on biodiversity • Oil palm ecological impact depends on extent to which expansion causes deforestation and extent to which it is able to support biodiversity Habitat loss: • Over 50% of oil palm expansion between 1990 and 2005 in Malaysia and Indonesia took place on previously forested land*. za Introduction Observed and predicted loss of biodiversity over the years = sixth extinction Loss of biodiversity permanent14 Conservation biology therefore very important Identification of areas under sever threat of permanent loss “Hotspots” origin. Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as changes in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, decrease in Arctic sea ice extent and a rise in sea level. (what’s the weather like today?) Climate is the average of all the factors that contribute to weather, but calculated over many years. PETER SCHUHMANN (UNCW) JAMES CASEY (W&L) JULIA HORROCKS (UWI) HAZEL OXENFORD (UWI) Roadmap Introduction Motivation Economic Value and… The Value of Non-Market Valuation Barbados and Biodiversity Methods The Choice Experiment Results Discussion Motivation The economic valuation of ecosystem services is a key policy tool in stemming losses of biological diversity (Abson and Termanson, Cons. Biodiversity underlies everything from food production to medical research. Science project. Biodiversity and Conservation Resources that are found on Earth in limited amounts or those that are replaced by natural processes over extremely long periods of time are called nonrenewable resources. State level and 3. For example, plant and animal species need each other for food, and depend on the environment for water and shelter. The Biodiversity Institute works with scientists, resource managers, educators, and the public to further the understanding and conservation of biodiversity. This content is provided by the California Academy of Sciences. 6 hotspots of biodiversity 90 4. Can be printed with 2-4 slides to an A4 page and then cut out to form a mini revision booklet. The biodiversity learning progression has four levels of achievement, from informal force-dynamic accounts to scientific, model-based accounts. Preview and details. Genetic diversity - different genes & combinations of genes within populations 3. The History of Classification. After all, scientists have described and named nearly 2 million species of organisms. describe patterns of relatedness among species using a phylogeny. More than just 'I want my children to enjoy it', rich diversity allows medicines and foods to be naturally available. Biodiversity consists of the varied ecosystems in the biosphere, the species richness within those ecosystems, and the genetic variation within and among populations of each species. INTRODUCTION. To qualify as a. 27 slides long. Ecologists discovered two broad kinds of diversity patterns, namely:. What are three levels of biodiversity? 2. New international targets have been set as follows: loss of natural habitat including forest is to be reduced by half, or to zero percent, and. Welcome to India Biodiversity Portal. The average temperature of the Earth's surface increased by an estimated 0. Conservation of Biodiversity 8. The study was conducted to determine the impacts of agricultural practices on biodiversity in the study area. Biodiversity is normally approached at three levels, which work interdependently to create the complexity of life on Earth. 1 A presentation originally found on Tes but adapted to fit with the new OCR curriculum. According to UNEP (1993-94) (UN convention on environment protection) estimate, the total number of species that might exist on Earth range between 9. The variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between species and within and between ecosystems. It provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources. Photo: Gilgit Pakistan @ IUCN. See explanation below. biodiversity: [noun] biological diversity in an environment as indicated by numbers of different species of plants and animals. To study biodiversity is to study the complete web of life that makes Earth the only known planet upon which the human species can live. Change in Global Biodiversity, Life Science Topics - Eighth 8th Grade Life Science Standards, Internet 4 Classrooms Internet resources to prepare for science assessment. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. Multiple goals of biodiversity monitoring 3. CLIMATE AND BIODIVERSITY Weather vs. by Lynsey Peterson | March 26, 2011. The diversity of life on earth has long been thought to deserve attention, and respect. Genetic Diversity- differences in DNA composition among individuals. Genetic diversity is the sum of genetic. ppt [兼容模式] Created Date: 20181119120342Z. Welcome to India Biodiversity Portal. The ultimate measure of biodiversity is the total number of species in existence. Biodiversity significance is a ranking of an area according to specified values such as rarity, diversity, fragmentation, habitat condition, resilience, threats, and ecosystem processes. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes. Defining ecosystems is hard, but we do know a distinct. 2 might suggest that reducing a country’s parasitic and infectious burden could be easily achieved by reducing diversity in. Conservation of biodiversity can lead to health risks because of the positive relationship between biodiversity and diversity of infectious diseases at the country level (Chapter 2). 09 hectares Coordinates: 5° 49’ 54’’ N 72° 59’ 57’’ O San Andrés and Providencia Islands Gorgona Island. Page 1 of 28. Activity 1 has been designed for all Levels 4-7,. Biodiversity is a modern term which simply means " the variety of life on earth". Monitoring of biodiversity in a global change context 4. Gamma diversity (1). Biodiversity could refer to different species, differences between similar species and even differences between members of the same species. urbanization levels in the country. Wilson in 1985. Participants were invited to submit a written summary of their three minute presentation (Sections 2, 3 & 4). Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems. It can be studied on many levels. by Lynsey Peterson | March 26, 2011. ; Biodiversity is declining rapidly due to land use change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution. Biodiversity is usually defined at three levels, i. Global threats Globally there are a number of trends which threaten ecosystems and biodiversity The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate species- fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds mammals- from all around the world. 5, Secchi 170 cm. FAO, Rome, Italy. What is Biodiversity? Biodiversity is the variety or richness of life at all structural levels (molecular/genetic, species, ecosystem). Very colourful. List areas of the Earth that have high levels of biodiversity and many threats to species. Preserving biodiversity at any level may not seem like a big deal -- at first. The Invertebrates Tridacna gigas grows as large as one meter in length and weighs 600 pounds Tridacna gigas, one of the world's largest shells can be found under Philippine waters. While ZetaHunter can use any given database, we included a curated classification of publicly available. 68 videos Play all Mrunal's___Environment, ecology, Biodiversity and Agriculture for UPSC IAS Only for UPSC Biodiversity: Types, Patterns, Importance, Causes and Loss - Duration: 20:52. Without biodiversity in an ecosystem we would not have the many plants and animals we find in our world today, including us. Biodiversity could refer to different species, differences between similar species and even differences between members of the same species. The interconnectedness of these systems is not best served by labeling this or that ecosystem as if it were some kind of distinct entity that can be put in a giant, imaginary box and. Photo: Luis Pinto. Genetic diversity is the sum of genetic. Adaptive radiation e. Biodiversity, also known as biological diversity, is the variety of life on Earth across all of the different levels of biological organization. All ecosystems have similar characteristics (Trophic levels: consumers, producers, decomposers). An island with 2 bird species and 1 lizard species is more diverse than an island with 3 bird species. Alpha diversity: Download the PPT of this Topic. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. 3 Levels of Biodiversity Species diversity Species diversity is the effective number of different species that are represented in a collection of individuals (a dataset). Of particular importance is the diversity at genetic, species. With more than 4,533 documented species, Alabama ranks fifth among states in terms of overall species diversity. It is exploited and depleted as a result of the “Tragedy of the Commons” phenomenon. biodiversity synonyms, biodiversity pronunciation, biodiversity translation, English dictionary definition of biodiversity. However, the functional importance of individual species does not necessarily translate to the functional importance of biodiversity measured in. Grants Manager - PNG Biodiversity. Learn new and interesting things. It also reflects the organisation of organisms at different levels. Explore biodiversity stories. The Center for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC) transforms knowledge—from diverse sources and perspectives, spanning areas of scientific research as well as traditional and local knowledge—into conservation action. The Earth's biodiversity is the result of 4 billion years of evolution — change in the inherited traits of a population of organisms from one generation to the next. If national laws do not protect species, then there is little hope of preserving them. Biodiversity is usually plotted as taxonomic richness of a geographic area, with some reference to a temporal scale. Although we still have much to learn about the often complex function of ecosystems. Define the role of marine microbes. Biodiversity is wide-ranging and is normally divided into three types or levels: Genetic Diversity; Species Diversity; Ecological Diversity. Marine Biodiversity is a peer-reviewed international journal devoted to all aspects of biodiversity research on marine ecosystems. After reading this module you should be able to. 6) Biodiversity collections and information systems Since the Rio Summit and Chapter 40 of Agenda 21 information systems for biodiversity have become prominent and indispensable. Out of an estimated 30 million species on earth, only one-sixth has been identified and authenticated in the […]. Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. Serge Morand, Claire Lajaunie, in Biodiversity and Health, 2018. Biodiversity conservation provides substantial benefits to meet immediate human needs, such as clean, consistent water flows, protection from floods and storms and a stable climate. Each specification objective is covered in just the right amount of detail with clear diagrams and clever slide animations. urbanization levels in the country. If organisms (humans) eat high on the biomass pyramid (trophic levels 3, 4, 5, etc. At the highest level, one can look at all the different species on the entire Earth. Student Activity. It is calculated by the following equation: (number species in habitat 1- number of species. Equator and polar regions, respectively. More than just 'I want my children to enjoy it', rich diversity allows medicines and foods to be naturally available. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Wilson in 1985. Reports and data products. levels of diversity. In one sense this is tautologically true, the status quo will depend on biodiversity being maintained at current levels. Groups conduct research using online endangered- species databases and present results to the class using PowerPoint. Grade Level: 7th & 8th (May be used with high school students). Biodiversity Section 1 The Importance of Biodiversity Biodiversity and Conservation Most of the world’s food crops come from just a few species. Levels of Biodiversity 1. However, this is not to say that such measures are mutually exclusive. Created: Feb 16, 2018. Homepage of the Faculty Center Biodiversity, former Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna, A-1030 Vienna, Austria; Homepage des Fakultätszentrum Biodiversität, ehemals Institut für Botanik und Botanischer Garten (HBV) der Universität Wien, A-1030 Wien, Österreich. On a smaller scale, biodiversity can be used to. Molecular-based studies of fungal biodiversity have revealed fundamental differences from the biodiversity of bacteria, plants and animals. ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity is the measure of the variety of earth’s animal, plant and microbial species; of genetic differences within species; and of the ecosystems that support the species. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. a) define the terms species, ecosystem and niche b) explain that biodiversity is considered at three different levels:. However, the loss of biodiversity is a worrying issue on a much wider scale and with direct human consequences. FAO, Rome, Italy. 1 The Three Levels of Biodiversity 11. However, there is a dearth of comprehensive textbooks on biodiversity science which could serve undergraduate and graduate students. And there's another factor to consider when we're talking about biodiversity at the ecosystem level, the interactions between the different types of ecosystems. Aquatic Invasive Species (PowerPoint. 10 Ways to Protect and Conserve Biodiversity. Global threats Globally there are a number of trends which threaten ecosystems and biodiversity The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate species- fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds mammals- from all around the world. Grade levels: 4 to 6. The term BIODIVERSITY was first coined by the entomologist E. Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is used to describe the immense variety and richness of life on Earth. The term biodiversity (from "biological diversity") refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. It includes all living things, including plants, animals and micro-organisms, and their unique characteristics. Biodiversity consists of the varied ecosystems in the biosphere, the species richness within those ecosystems, and the genetic variation within and among populations of each species. Chapter 2: Biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services 7 biodiversity at a suitable scale, e. Increased UV exposure. The authors estimate that in the United States, biodiversity provides a total of $319 billion dollars in annual benefits and $2,928 billion in annual benefits worldwide (1997 calculation) Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation: A State of Knowledge Review. Biodiversity, short for biological diversity refers to the variety of life. Biodiversity also includes the genetic information that these organisms contain. 74 million have been databased thus far and over 80 percent have not yet been described. Ecosystem PPT | PowerPoint Presentation | PDF Download: No living organism lives alone, they associate with each other and have the functional relationship with external factors. Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is a term that refers to the number of genes, species, individual organisms within a given species, and biological communities within a defined geographic area, ranging from the smallest ecosystem to. Biodiversity Hotspots are Geographic areas that contain high levels of diversified species, but are threatened with extinction. Animals that are individual DO NOT breed with other groups , however this is different with plants. It includes all living things, including plants, animals and micro-organisms, and their unique characteristics. The five-year project seeks to strengthen environmental resilience by reducing environmental crimes and. Simply put, environments change. Prior to the day of the activity the students will be told they will be performing a biodiversity lab and should wear proper attire for going outside. Genetic diversity - different genes & combinations of genes within populations 3. Each specification objective is covered in just the right amount of detail with clear diagrams and clever slide animations. Genetic diversity: It refers to the variation in gene within a species. Photo: Gilgit Pakistan @ IUCN. Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is a term that refers to the number of genes, species, individual organisms within a given species, and biological communities within a defined geographic area, ranging from the smallest ecosystem to. ### Background A principal function of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is to "perform regular and timely assessments of knowledge on biodiversity. Species diversity is the type of biodiversity most commonly talked about, but there are several, at different "levels":. Aquatic Invasive Species (PowerPoint. Yet, as this chapter notes, biodiversity is inherently valuable on many levels. Biodiversity comes from two words Bio meaning life and diversity meaning variability. It's numbers of species as well as categories of organisms. Measuring biodiversity on an ecosystem level is thought to be a better way of looking at the health of the entire system, rather than the health of a particular species. Changes in biodiversity can influence human' resources, such as food, energy, and medicines, as well as ecosystem services that human rely on-for example, water purification and recycling. Biodiversity hotspots are regions with high species richness and a high degree of endemism. Extinction of Species. Introduction. , 2012) and cause trophic cascade. Getting Into the Fossil Record helps students gain a basic understanding of what a fossil is and how a fossil forms. In one sense this is tautologically true, the status quo will depend on biodiversity being maintained at current levels. (what’s the weather like today?) Climate is the average of all the factors that contribute to weather, but calculated over many years. This is a fully editable PowerPoint presentation designed specifically for the new Edexcel A Level Biology B Specification for first teaching in 2015. Biodiversity Accounting(Levels 0, 1 and 2) Thanks for inviting me and for coming today! […who am I? what is my role?] The project is a collaboration of the United National Statistics Division, United Nations Environment Programme, the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Building Resilience of key biodiversity areas on the local level – Experiences from Zamboanga City, Philippines Local government key role and mission Protecting and preserving biodiversity Building the resilience of key biodiversity areas: Sustain the protection, conservation and development thru participative and pro-active governance. The equator has highest levels of biodiversity. Species diversity. It is calculated by the following equation: (number species in habitat 1- number of species. View Biodiversity At Global National And Local Levels PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Many are downloadable. Living things in various ecosystems perform such vital functions as helping to form the soil and maintain its fertility, purifying the water, cycling nutrients through the environment, and regulating the climate ( see Earth ). A quantitative measure of biodiversity through a diversity index is essential when presenting information through an environmental baseline survey of an area. A2-Geography- Study advice to students Exam board ppts- Topic 1 - Energy Unit 3 Contested Planet Energy Topic 2 - Water Unit 3 Contested Planet Water Conflicts Topic 3 - Biodiversity Unit 3 Contested Planet Biodiversity under Threat Topic 4 - Development gap Unit 3 Contested Planet Bridging the Development Gap Topic…. The term biodiversity (from "biological diversity") refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for "Best PowerPoint Templates" from Presentations Magazine. pdf), Text File (. 2 common animal species 99. Page 1 of 28. Cataloging the biodiversity on Earth is a huge team effort. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Although India h as only 2. Biodiversity loss therefore threatens the provision of goods and services provided by ecosystems. 1 - Evidence for Evolution (23) • 5. Convention on Biological Diversity. Biodiversity is a modern term which simply means " the variety of life on earth". Closed loopholes in legislation and developed Biodiversity Management Plans for both species Significantly increased resources, skills and technology to support law enforcement Rhino Conservation is one of the work streams under the Biodiversity Lab – an effort to unlock the potential of South Africa’s Biodiversity. The role of biodiversity in natural systems is intrinsically complex, and environmental degradation. Among a variety of uses, biodiversity is an indicator for how robust an ecosystem is, how much evolution is occurring in a group of organisms, or how many services an ecosystem can provide. - Ensure communication and flow of information. It is funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Village level. Yunfei heeft 8 functies op zijn of haar profiel. I'll try to break it down to make it at simple as possible. Biodiversity hotspots. A common measure of this variety, called species richness, is the count of species in an area. Photoshop: image rotation. (1999) examined "biodiversity" as one of the current normative concepts in conservation. 4 per cent of the world's land area, its share of the global species diversity is an impressive 8. PHILIPPINE BIODIVERSITY STATUS. Some analyses suggest that the net age of a clade can determine its extinction risk. Power Point Presentations. Additionally, there are three levels of biodiversity; species diversity, ecosystem diversity, and genetic diversity. Preview and details. Species diversity. National level 2. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. The Convention on Biological Diversity covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources. The Map of Life The Map of Life is a new, free, online resource about convergent evolution. If you do not want your e-mail address released in response to a public records request, do not send electronic mail regarding official business to the District or any of its employees. Slide 4: ORIGIN OF BIODIVERSITY: Majorly when we talk about biodiversity, we talk about the variety of species of animals, birds, plants etc present in nature. Introduction 2. Biodiversity creates a well-functioning ecosystem, which cleanses water and air resources, minimizing the effects of pollution. Environmental Law. Duration: 1 hour. Species richness- the number of species in a given area. Bird Island: What is Biodiversity? How can we make learning science terms and graphing skills more interesting, effective and meaningful? Through spatial and graphical analysis of bird populations on a fictional island, students learn the meaning of biodiversity, species richness, endemism, and abundance. The National Biodiversity Authority works mainly on Patents and IPR, Check Biopiracy, mainly to Conserve Biodiversity outside the protected areas of the. State level and 3. Threats to Biodiversity Over-harvesting trees in the temperate forest is using up most of the natural resources in this biome. Since life originated on earth nearly 3. 2 might suggest that reducing a country’s parasitic and infectious burden could be easily achieved by reducing diversity in. At finer levels of organisation, biodiversity includes the genetic variation within species, both among geographically separated populations and among individuals within the single population. Those who are poor or sick, or who experience low levels of livelihood. za Introduction Observed and predicted loss of biodiversity over the years = sixth extinction Loss of biodiversity permanent14 Conservation biology therefore very important Identification of areas under sever threat of permanent loss “Hotspots” origin. Genetic, organism and ecological diversity are all elements of biodiversity with each including a number of components. Wilson in 1985. The scale of the problem: in the last 40 years, we have lost 52% of planetary biodiversity & lost 58% of vertebrates on land, sea and air - the vertebrate figure could rise to 66% by. Main article:Fauna of India and Wildlife of India A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans. 8 endangered and endemic species of india 94 4. It provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources. by Lynsey Peterson | March 26, 2011. Closed loopholes in legislation and developed Biodiversity Management Plans for both species Significantly increased resources, skills and technology to support law enforcement Rhino Conservation is one of the work streams under the Biodiversity Lab – an effort to unlock the potential of South Africa’s Biodiversity. Now, to make biodiversity sustainable is one thing; and to practice sustainable use of biodiversity is another. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict. It covers the whole of Topic 3 which is Classification and Biodiversity. This document provides the framework for taking action by the multitude of stakeholders in biodiversity, including the. Each specification objective is covered in just the right amount of detail with clear diagrams and clever slide animations. ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity is the measure of the variety of earth's animal, plant and microbial species; of genetic differences within species; and of the ecosystems that support the species. Greentumble Biodiversity July 2, 2018. Building Resilience of key biodiversity areas on the local level – Experiences from Zamboanga City, Philippines Local government key role and mission Protecting and preserving biodiversity Building the resilience of key biodiversity areas: Sustain the protection, conservation and development thru participative and pro-active governance. THREATS TO PHILIPPINE BIODIVERSITY (5)Lack of education resulting in low levels of knowledge and awareness The lack of appreciation of the Filipinos for their natural environment is a product of the lack of venue, access and opportunities for environmental education. but scientific knowledge at the ecosystem level is now recognized as a critical part of understanding total biodiversity on Earth. International day for biodiversity Through the diverse animal and plant species, the nature shows us different colors of life. Describe the diversity of species types on Earth, relating the difference between known numbers and estimated numbers List and describe 3 levels of biodiversity Slideshow 6917601 by leo-hurst. Much ecosystem monitoring and management is focused on the provision of ecosystem functions and services under current environmental conditions, yet this could lead to inappropriate management guidance and undervaluation of the importance of. These indices may include species richness ( R ), Shannon Index of Diversity ( H 1 ), Simpson's Index of Diversity ( λ ), and Species Evenness ( J ′) (Gray 2000 ). Convention on Biological Diversity. BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity is the result of 3. PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation Some cultures prefer to harvest food from higher trophic levels MEDC’s vs LEDC’s MEDC’s vs LEDC’s What determines food choices Compare 2 farming systems in detail Compare 2 farming systems in detail Aquatic vs Terrestrial How can we be more sustainable?. The biodiversity index here is high, 5/5 = 1. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic area notable for sustaining significant levels of biological diversity and which is. A unique repository of information on India's biodiversity. Sort By: Relevance Recently Updated Title. Video and PowerPoint to help you recap the theory. Biodiversity underpins ecosystem function and the provision ofecosystem services. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Farrukh’s connections and jobs at similar companies. CLASSIFICATION OF BIODIVERSITY The rank or level of a category usually can be recognized by a standardized ending (e. Biodiversity is an attribute of an area and specifically refers to the variety within and among living organisms, biotic communities, and biotic processes, whether naturally occurring or modified by humans. Over 22,000 learners have used our materials to pass their exams. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. PowerPoint Presentation: Measuring biodiversity Diversity of different species varies widely. We seek to provide a unique service to Wyoming and beyond by facilitating collaborative research projects, disseminating research, distributing grants, and providing educational, outreach. 2 Biodiversity at Risk. Adaptive radiation e. A2-Geography- Study advice to students Exam board ppts- Topic 1 - Energy Unit 3 Contested Planet Energy Topic 2 - Water Unit 3 Contested Planet Water Conflicts Topic 3 - Biodiversity Unit 3 Contested Planet Biodiversity under Threat Topic 4 - Development gap Unit 3 Contested Planet Bridging the Development Gap Topic…. 4 per cent of the world's land area, its share of the global species diversity is an impressive 8. Recently, however, an increasing number of theoretical and empirical studies have addressed the functional effects. Biodiversity and Conservation Resources that are found on Earth in limited amounts or those that are replaced by natural processes over extremely long periods of time are called nonrenewable resources. 1 - Evidence for Evolution (23) • 5. Genetic diversity: It refers to the variation in gene within a species. Alpha diversity is a local measure. Community structure. An estimated biodiversity covers 400,000 higher […]. Biodiversity is species, genetic and ecosystem diversity. Recently, however, an increasing number of theoretical and empirical studies have addressed the functional effects. Scales and levels of biodiversity monitoring 4. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. Conventions on Biodiversity 10. "Biodiversity is life on Earth, and every extinction chips away at it, undermining the stability of the planet," said Olivier Langrand, executive director of the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), which gives grants to organizations to conserve biodiversity hotspots. • Proficient in Microsoft Office, Powerpoint, Excel, SPSS, TRADOS & Memsource. From penguins to palm trees to bacteria, our planet is host to an awe-inspiring diversity of organisms. Village level. Figure 1: Illustrations of various levels of biodiversity 4. As the study of ecosystem functioning expands to include more locations, time spans, and functions, the functional importance of individual species is becoming more apparent. The scope of Biodiversity and Conservation is wide and multidisciplinary, and embraces all life-forms. Presentation Summary : Biodiversity McNeely (1988) defined “Biodiversity is a comprehensive word for the degree of nature’s variety, including both the number and frequency of. The concept of biodiversity has provoked considerable debate and misunderstanding among the general public, decision-makers, and even the scientific community. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Keynote address at the International Conference on Conservation of Biodiversity in Africa: Local Initiatives and Institutional Roles, 30 August-3 September 1992, Nairobi, Kenya. As ecologists studied biodiversity in the environment, they observed a regular pattern in which diversity was distributed over the entire area of the planet. Biodiversity is an important global issue. We also get various free services from the surrounding environment, which are not easily replaceable or replicable, so. Genetic diversity comprises the genetic. Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Upwelling brings nutrients from below. , -idae for subclass, -ales for order, - aceae for family [pronounced a, c, e]). This 5-day unit covers topics in biodiversity, biogeography, and conservation biology. Scientists estimate that more than 10 million different species inhabit Earth. White Topped Pitcher PlantAlabama is one of the most biologically diverse states in the United States, and with regard to some plants and animals, in the world. Molecular-based studies of fungal biodiversity have revealed fundamental differences from the biodiversity of bacteria, plants and animals. 5 percent of world’s total) 2) to have lost at least 70% of its original habitat. Now that we know the different types of biodiversity, let us look at the importance of biodiversity. What are three factors that have lead to the current biodiversity crisis? 4. 9 million named species worldwide! The class has already discussed a few of those species. It is due to low temperature. Various levels/parameters of measuring the biodiversity are: (1). With that, habitat destruction occurs and this is home to the wildlife species of the temperate forest. Effects of pollution on biodiversity are immense which cannot be described in details here, some of them are listed below: 1. The Biodiversity Group: Overview - YouTube. endemism and high levels of habitat loss, albeit without quantitative criteria for the 1 Global Biodiversity Conservation: The Critical Role of Hotspots 5 designation of “hotspot” status. IUCN works across a wide range of themes related to conservation, environmental and ecological issues. The level of glyphosate in one Welsh river draining from areas of Japanese knotweed spraying was 190 parts per trillion (ppt) and in local tap water was 30 ppt. The curriculum connections are identified in the Teacher's Notes but most lessons can be easily adjusted and work for various grade levels. Preserving biodiversity at any level may not seem like a big deal -- at first. Summary- Biodiversity and conservation PPT. to create biodiversity, it helps us understand different aspects of biodiversity. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes. Most of our endemic flora and fauna are disappearing due to the indiscriminate and excessive use of our natural resources. An estimated 18 million acres of forest are lost each year, due in part to logging and other human practices, destroying the. Levels of Biodiversity 1. Out of an estimated 30 million species on earth, only one-sixth has been identified and authenticated in the past 200 years. Biodiversity, also called biological diversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. The Convention on Biological Diversity covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources. Simply put, environments change. Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. You need a powerpoint presentation (add images and video clips as you see fit) and 1XA4 side of notes to give everyone (7 copies). Biodiversity—the variety of all living organisms including ecosystems, plants, animals, their habitats and genes—is fundamental to life on Earth. Damage from anchors. nationalgeographic. Ocean bottom habitats degraded by dredging and trawler fishing. The The Tree of Life the All-species Foundation and the All-species Inventory are efforts to use the World Wide Web to coordinate the efforts of hundreds of biologists to classify and describe species. But, gradually over the years, there has been a major loss in the biodiversity across. Level 2/3 : Combined calculations on additionality Biodiveristy in SFM-areas = sums of managed area, weighted for biodiversity-quality ISEAL webinar - 22 november 2018 16 IMPACTS OF CONVENTIONAL RESIDUAL LOSS in AREA (10e6 ha)LOSS x AREA (10e6 ha*MSA) MANAGEMENT MSA MSA tropics temperate boreal tropics temperate. India is one of the twelve mega-diversity nations of the world accounting for 7. All these diversities help in maintaining the correct balance of nature. , 2009; Stork, Mcbroom, Gely, & Hamilton, 2015; Zhang et al. BIODIVERSITY ACTIVITIES (listed alphabetically) A Line Transect Surveying Biodiversity on your Club Site (A GEN Eco- Standards Check Activity). Ch i li t ill ff t bi di it t ll l l iChanges in climate will affect biodiversity at all levels: genes, species, habitats, and ecosystems. Groups conduct research using online endangered- species databases and present results to the class using PowerPoint. 2 might suggest that reducing a country’s parasitic and infectious burden could be easily achieved by reducing diversity in. The level of biodiversity that involves a variety of habits and communities is. Increased UV exposure. But certain stressors, most of them human-caused or human-influenced, threaten or reduce biodiversity. Norman Myers wrote about the concept in two articles in "The Environmentalist" (1988), and 1990 revised after thorough analysis by Myers and others "Hotspots: Earth's Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions" and a paper published in. 2 Biodiversity at Risk. explain how the movement of exotic species affects biodiversity. At the polar regions, low biodiversity is found. Thus, a quick look at Figure 2. Overview of Philippine Biodiversity Loss Though the Philippines is mega-diverse in terms of biological diversity, it is also considered a mega-hotspot due to the rapid loss of biodiversity in the country. Identifying rules for the heterogeneity of modern biodiversity—the high to low species richness of different clades—has been hard. Strengthening biodiversity effects were independent of the considered compartment (above‐ or belowground), organizational level (ecosystem variables associated with the abiotic habitat, primary producers, or higher trophic levels such as herbivores and pollinators), and variable type (measurements of pools or rates). Ex situ conservation is the technique of conservation of. The Portal aims to provide open and free access to biodiversity information. The term biodiversity comes from the words biological and diversity, and it means "the variety of life on Earth". BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity is the result of 3. At the end of this comprehensive biodiversity lesson plan, students will be able to describe how biodiversity contributes to the sustainability of an ecosystem. Simply put, environments change. This includes genetic variation between individuals in a single population , as well as variations between different. 2 Threats to Biodiversity 11. Conservative estimates of the existing biodiversity is ten million species, but if estimates for insects are correct then it could be around 30 million species, we have till now enlisted about 1. Students will improve computer research abilities as well as develop organizational, writing, and. The scale of the problem: in the last 40 years, we have lost 52% of planetary biodiversity & lost 58% of vertebrates on land, sea and air - the vertebrate figure could rise to 66% by. Greentumble Biodiversity July 2, 2018. Learn more about the Conservation of Biodiversity here. A pre-class textbook reading and homework assignment focused on close reading techniques, critical-thinking questions, and content vocabulary development. Biodiversity holds ecological and economic significance. 1 common plant species 94 4. Files included (2) B18. Get ideas for your own presentations. beta diversity - determine the change in. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. Human activity is causing high rates of biodiversity loss. • Mangroves and coastal wetlands, which will be affected by rising sea levels, storm surges, and more cyclones. Ocean bottom habitats degraded by dredging and trawler fishing. Alpha diversity is a local measure. Links to specification 4. View Invasive Species PowerPoint from BIO 130 at Arizona State University. Cropping in. See explanation below. Two decisive features distinguish the new theoretical approaches to the diversity–stability relationship developed within the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research agenda from earlier ones: first, these new approaches explicitly differentiate, and link, stability properties at the population level and at the aggregate community or. underlying biodiversity Evolution- a change in the genetic composition of a population over time. Video and PowerPoint to help you recap the theory. Simply put, environments change. Dissolved oxygen levels high. View Biodiversity At Global National And Local Levels PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Many are downloadable. • Rainforests of north Queensland, which support a. AS Edexcel Biology Session 2 14 Biodiversity Classification and Conservation. understanding how the loss of biodiversity affects the functioning of ecosystems and thus affects society. India is one of the twelve mega-diversity nations of the world accounting for 7. If we hope to help conserve biodiversity, we must first measure how much biodiversity we currently have. LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION IN ECOLOGY There are 6 levels of organization in ecology. Biodiversity: a measure of the variety of different types of life on Earth. Biodiversity Hotspots are Geographic areas that contain high levels of diversified species, but are threatened with extinction. Pupil involvement is key to the success of eco-schools. The term biodiversity comes from the words biological and diversity, and it means "the variety of life on Earth". (a) Biodiversity is the number of different organisms on the planet. Convention on Biological Diversity. However, this is not to say that such measures are mutually exclusive. The effective number of species refers to the number of equallyabundant species needed to obtain the same mean proportional species abundance as that observed in the dataset. Environmentalists might define biodiversity as the total of all plant and animal life of the planet, and the planet itself - the air, water and land that supports animal and plant life. Biodiversity underpins ecosystem function and the provision ofecosystem services. 5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics, and it has to have lost at least 70% of its primary vegetation. At the end of this comprehensive biodiversity lesson plan, students will be able to describe how biodiversity contributes to the sustainability of an ecosystem. 4% of the total land area of the world, the known biodiversity of India contributes 8. Temperature increase, change in rainfall patterns, drought, sea level rise, coastal flooding, damage from cyclones, and change in salinity can affect habitat suitability. Melting Arctic sea ice, ocean acidification, warming temperatures, extreme weather, and rising sea levels will have a devastating effect on some species. The 36 biodiversity hotspots are home to around 2 billion people, including some of the world's poorest, many of whom rely directly on healthy ecosystems for their livelihood and well-being. Conservation of Biodiversity 8. Rephrased in scientific terms, this is a question about trends in biodiversity: is biodiversity improving (going up) or worsening (going down)? Not coincidentally, governments have posed the same question and identified policy goals for trends in biodiversity. Most changes occur slowly enough to allow species to adapt—either through emphasis of different traits or movement to a new, more hospitable environment. Biodiversity could refer to different species, differences between similar species and even differences between members of the same species. Molecular-based studies of fungal biodiversity have revealed fundamental differences from the biodiversity of bacteria, plants and animals. discuss how habitat loss can lead to declines in species diversity. Page 1 of 28. BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS Simone Neethling Department of Biodiversity and Conservation Biology University of the Western Cape [email protected] describe how overharvesting causes declines in populations and species. Welcome to India Biodiversity Portal. Biodiversity comes from two words Bio meaning life and diversity meaning variability. THE IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY. Video and PowerPoint to help you recap the theory. Biodiversity conservation is the protection and management of biodiversity to obtain resources for sustainable development. biodiversity: [noun] biological diversity in an environment as indicated by numbers of different species of plants and animals. For example, plant and animal species need each other for food, and depend on the environment for water and shelter. This is the diversity of species between two habitats or regions. Much of the mandate of IUCN is based on providing up to date data on biodiversity and conservation status world-wide. Animals that are individual DO NOT breed with other groups , however this is different with plants. Levels of Biodiversity 2. This content is provided by the California Academy of Sciences. Biodiversity and Conservation is an international journal that publishes articles on all aspects of biological diversity-its description, analysis and conservation, and its controlled rational use by humankind. species richness in spatial units within the landscape (Srivastava and Vellend 2005). Ecological/Ecosystem diversity. Ecosystem biodiversity. Revision Powerpoint with in depth detail on the topic. Can be printed with 2-4 slides to a page and cut out to make a mini revision booklet. Very colourful. 19 slides long. , 2009; Stork, Mcbroom, Gely, & Hamilton, 2015; Zhang et al. Loading results. Level 2/3 : Combined calculations on additionality Biodiveristy in SFM-areas = sums of managed area, weighted for biodiversity-quality ISEAL webinar - 22 november 2018 16 IMPACTS OF CONVENTIONAL RESIDUAL LOSS in AREA (10e6 ha)LOSS x AREA (10e6 ha*MSA) MANAGEMENT MSA MSA tropics temperate boreal tropics temperate. The levels of organization of biodiversity include ecosystems, species and genes. Maintaining-biodiversity-exam-ques. GBIF is an international scientific co-operative project based on a multilateral agreement (MoU) between countries, economies and international organisations, dedicated to: establishing an interoperable, distributed network of databases containing scientific biodiversity information with initial focus on species- and specimen-level data, with links to molecular, genetic and ecosystems levels GBIF status (1) Came into existence in March 2001 Currently has 74 members (46 countries, 28. See explanation below. MONITORING OF BIODIVERSITY N. List and describe three levels of biodiversity. These result from demographic, economic, sociopolitical, cultural, technological, and other indirect. Leads to extreme habitat destruction. Yet, surprisingly little is known about the extent to which socioeconomic factors exacerbate or ameliorate our impacts on biological diversity. Biodiversity Ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. species, populations and ecosystems (Ray and McCormick 1992). Prior to the lesson students need to know how to use a digital camera and PowerPoint software. The study was conducted to determine the impacts of agricultural practices on biodiversity in the study area. The National Biodiversity Authority works mainly on Patents and IPR, Check Biopiracy, mainly to Conserve Biodiversity outside the protected areas of the. Biodiversity is species, genetic and ecosystem diversity. It covers the whole of Topic 3 which is Classification and Biodiversity. Share yours for free!. , 2007, Hector and Bagchi, 2007, Pinto et al. If national laws do not protect species, then there is little hope of preserving them. Biodiversity is the sum of all terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems, species and genetic diversity. This bundle includes all of my PPT products designed specifically for 'Topic 5 - Evolution & Biodiversity' in the 2016 IB Biology curriculum. We believe that old and young alike who experience biodiversity fully at the level of species in a national park are more likely to believe in the importance of conserving life in general, and to actively become a current- or next-generation steward. Reference 2. Mid-level, Field assignment; working at both national and local levels to develop the capacities needed to provide communities with the legal, technical, and. The The Tree of Life the All-species Foundation and the All-species Inventory are efforts to use the World Wide Web to coordinate the efforts of hundreds of biologists to classify and describe species. Video and PowerPoint to help you recap the theory. Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels (explained with diagram)! Global Level:. BIOFIN Overview & Objectives. Analyze the potential value of a single species. 67 inches of rainfall Jan-Apr 2020, compared to 13 inches in Jan-Apr 2019. The diversity of life on earth has long been thought to deserve attention, and respect. The effective number of species refers to the number of equallyabundant species needed to obtain the same mean proportional species abundance as that observed in the dataset. Responsibilities The job holder is responsible for (but not limited to) the following: Support in the coordination and implementation of environmental monitoring program including implementation of Biodiversity Action Plans at company operational sites (both onshore and offshore) to ensure compliance with WBG, legislative and company requirements. The students will have previous lessons on biodiversity and monocultures. Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as changes in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, decrease in Arctic sea ice extent and a rise in sea level. A quantitative measure of biodiversity through a diversity index is essential when presenting information through an environmental baseline survey of an area. Reduction in biodiversity can affect decomposition rates, vegetation biomass production and, in the marine environment, affect fish stocks. 2 common animal species 99. Activity #1 - Biodiversity Comparison: · The presentation of activity #1 consists of slides 23-40. Biodiversity includes not only species we consider rare, threatened, or. The resources on this page are for the AQA Biology course running up until 2015. MONITORING OF BIODIVERSITY N. Level of biodiversity for csir net in hindi - Duration: 19:49. Links to specification 4. 2 might suggest that reducing a country's parasitic and infectious burden. Defining ecosystems is hard, but we do know a distinct. Levels of Biodiversity Genetic Diversity Species Diversity Ecosystem Diversity Genetic Diversity Amount and variety of genetic material within individuals, populations or communities Source of biodiversity at all levels Knowledge of amount of genetic variability present within local populations essential in directing conservation programs. 2006; Cardinale et al. 7 Maintaining Biodiversity lesson. Simply put, environments change. It also reflects the organisation of organisms at different levels. Biodiversity. Keynote address at the International Conference on Conservation of Biodiversity in Africa: Local Initiatives and Institutional Roles, 30 August-3 September 1992, Nairobi, Kenya. What is Biodiversity? main content. Define and give examples of endangered and threatened. It is funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as changes in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, decrease in Arctic sea ice extent and a rise in sea level. Damage from anchors. • An • Ecosystems consist of three levels of life: - Species - the sheer variety of species on Earth - Ecosystems - the environments where the species. At the 10th International Conference of Biodiversity, an international consensus was formed around the "Aichi targets". GBIF is an international scientific co-operative project based on a multilateral agreement (MoU) between countries, economies and international organisations, dedicated to: establishing an interoperable, distributed network of databases containing scientific biodiversity information with initial focus on species- and specimen-level data, with links to molecular, genetic and ecosystems levels GBIF status (1) Came into existence in March 2001 Currently has 74 members (46 countries, 28. Reproduced, with permission, from: Warren, D. The Convention on Biological Diversity covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources. This PowerPoint goes through the main elements that need to be considered when talking about biodiversity, including what biodiversity is, the different types of habitat and ecosystem in which biodiversity exists, and why high levels of biodiversity are essential for the continuing survival of life on Earth. Species richness: # of different species. With a mere 2. Biodiversity consists of the varied ecosystems in the biosphere, the species richness within those ecosystems, and the genetic variation within and among populations of each species. Scales and levels of biodiversity monitoring 4. 2 million Market contracts Single species From: $5 To: $126 Contingent valuation Multiple species From: $18 To: $194 Contingent valuation Life diversity level Biodiversity value type Value ranges Method. The variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and the ecological and evolutionary processes that sustain it. All forms of life from microbes to plants to humans contain genes. Animals that are individual DO NOT breed with other groups , however this is different with plants. Scientists estimate that more than 10 million different species inhabit Earth. Biodiversity is the pillar that allows ecosystems to function and humans to thrive. Biodiversity management has become an international issue as global environmental problems become more controversial. Global Biodiversity. Edward Wilson coined this term for the first time. This is the diversity of species between two habitats or regions. , -idae for subclass, -ales for order, - aceae for family [pronounced a, c, e]). With a mere 2. This bundle includes all of my PPT products designed specifically for 'Topic 5 - Evolution & Biodiversity' in the 2016 IB Biology curriculum. The conservation of biodiversity is a common concern of humankind.